The building occupies the area between the North Basilica and the Synagogue – Basilica. It has an architectural layout of a three aisled basilica without Christian elements.


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The first excavations were carried out in 1937 and afterwards in 1956 and 1957. Seven building phases were determined and the non – sacred character of the basilica from the latest phase was defined. During these excavations, bronze objects from the 5th century BC were discovered below the apse of the Civil Basilica. At the area below the central aisle, there was a wall from an older building with a painted wild duck, dating from the 1st century AD.   


The excavations of the Civil Basilica in 1971 and 1972 revealed Hellenistic layers from the 3rd and the 2nd century BC.


In 2001, 2004 and 2005 there were new excavations and conservation of the basilica. The archaeologists documented two different buildings marked as basilica A and B. The building A is the basilica which is now presented at the site while B is defined by the badly preserved remains of a basilica – as building from the 4th century. The medieval cemetery from the area of the North Basilica occupied the area of the Civil Basilica as well. During the campaigns, 18 graves were uncovered, dating between the 11th and 13th century.

Archaeological lexicon

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